Marine and Coastal

The Australian Greens Policy on Marine and coastal ecosystems.

Australia has many marine and coastal territories that require management to function sustainably and serve as healthy and safe communities for those living within it. The best model for managing these territories is through ecosystem-based management.


The Australian Greens believe that;

  • There is a need for a cooperative international and national approach for managing our marine environment to ensure healthy and clean oceans and sustainable coastal communities and integrated ecosystems.
  • Applying the precautionary principle is necessary for the sustainable management of estuarine, coastal, and marine ecosystems.
  • There is a need to manage Fisheries as parts of a wider ecosystem that meets human needs and those of natural predators.
  • Recognition of the rights of First Nations people to sea country and their freedom and right to sustainable access of customary fishing grounds.
  • Waste and land management will determine the health of Australia’s coastal, estuarine, and marine environment. Thus, there’s a need to understand how marine and terrestrial ecosystems connect.
  • Sustainable management and adequate conservation measures will determine the health of fishing industries in Australia and make sure fishing stocks are replenished.
  • Effects of climate change such as rise in sea level, acidification, ocean warming, and increased frequency severity of storms as represent serious threats to coastal and marine ecosystems.
  • The protection of oceans worldwide and advocacy for sustainable fishery practices is one of Australia’s roles.


The Greens want;

  • Legislations on ecosystems-based bio-regional marine and coastal planning so that all the impacts and uses can be identified and easily managed. Thus, enabling the allocation of resources within and across marine and coastal industry sectors.
  • The conservation and protection of specific endangered and target marine species and the elimination of habitat damage caused by marine activities include recreational and commercial fishing and fishery by-catch.
  • A strong cooperative approach for identifying, containing and eradicating all introduced marine pests.
  • Conservation and protection of marine mammals and their habitat.
  • Ban on selling whale meats and products made from it as well as on all killings of whales and other cetaceans either commercially, for ‘scientific take’, and any other reason other than the sustainable indigenous hunting for subsistence.
  • To integrate First Nations practices and knowledge into marine resources management.
  • To make sure the customary rights of First Nations to traditional cultural fishing practices in line with the protection of any endangered and threatened species is respected.
  • To eliminate all marine hazards and pollution in the Marine ecosystem, including toxic and harmful waste dumping.
  • Stricter and more effective regulation of marine and shipping installations in Australian waters.
  • Restrictions and limitations on the use of mining techniques, seismic devices, and any other technology, including the testing of naval and military explosives in the seas, which cause harm to marine mammals and other organisms.